Flight Reviews are required every 24 months

Every Pilot has to complete a Flight Review (formerly known as the Biennial Flight Review) every 24 months to maintain the basic privileges of their pilot certificate.  FAR – 61.56 (Federal Aviation Regulations) requires that each person, to continue to operate as Pilot In Command legally, the pilot is required to demonstrate proficiency at minimum to the areas covered in 61.56 in the FAR’s.

We have included information below for your review prior to your review.  The Flight Review is not a test, it is simply a review of your knowledge, skill, and proficiency.  There really is no pass/ fail grade, but there are often continuations of training to assure the pilot is safe and proficient in not only the skills each pilot possesses, but also to catch up on changes throughout that period of time that may have escaped the pilots knowledge and information banks.

To prepare for the flight review simply click on the link below to review the necessary information.

 Flight Review Prep Course Notes

What is included in the Flight Review?

The Flight Review (Ground Review) (The Flight Review has now been characterized as an Evaluation Event by the FAA. We will work with you to assure you are safe, and the information is covered and assimilated efficient and effectively)

In this portion we do a quick interview to assess what areas will be our primary focus in the Flight Review.  The Flight Review has changed over the years, and the FAA has made it clear, the Flight Review is an evaluation event, additional instruction, if needed is encouraged to occur after the assessment .  We will work together through a custom version of the  following procedures adapted to your experience, currency and current level of proficiency we discuss during a brief 15 minute interview.  This interview is where we review your logbook, Government issued ID’s, Medical cert. and other required information.  Proficiency in the flight should be at the level of your pilot certification indicated on your FAA pilot certificate

  1. Review of the General operating andHappy Flier
  2. Flight Rules of FAR Part 91
  3. Visual Flight Rules (VFR)
  4. Night Flight Rules, discuss currency and personal minimums
  5. Instrument Flight Rules, (If IFR Rated)
  6. Equipment, Instrument, and Certification Requirements
  7. Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance and Alterations
  8. Pilot Operations Handbook/ Airplane Flying Manual
    • Limitations
    • V-Speeds and Airspeed Limitations for various theaters of operation
    • Systems Operation
    • Emergency Procedures
  9. Aircraft Logs and Maintenance Records
  10. Weight and Balance calculations – Longhand or App on an approved EFB
  11. FAR 91.103 PIC Responsibility
  12. Weather reports and forecast
    • Wind shear and Wake Turbulence
    • Convective Sigmets, Sigmets
    • Airmets
  13. Cross-Country Flight Plan Assignment
    • How do I know that my electronic information is correct?
    • Does the new electronic information pass a “common sense” test?
    • Does my Flight Plan printout, or Tablet/iPad include my required information?
      • Is this information up to date?
    • Does this plan keep me out of trouble?
    • What will I do if I cannot complete the flight according to this plan?
  14. Aviation Security, TFR review and changes, Intercept Procedures, and Airport Safety
  15. Risk Management & Establishing solid “Personal Minimums”  AC60-22
  16. Preflight & Post Flight Procedures


The Flight Review (The Flight)

  1. Piloting Skill in Maneuvering Flight: (Note: All skills need to be performed to the level of proficiency indicated on your FAA pilot license.
    • Stalls – This area is not about getting into a great stall, it’s about recovering from a stall with directional control and safety never being in doubt
    • Slow Flight – The old days we called this MCA (Minimum Controllable Airspeed) now it’s just slow.
    • Takeoffs and Landings
    • Emergency Procedures
    • Instrument Competency:  Unusual attitudes, tracking, multitasking, instrument scan, and BAI (Basic Attitude Instrument skill)
    • Navigation Procedures – Departure – Enroute – Approach to landing
  2. Systems & Avionics Knowledge
  3. Aeronautical Decision-Making
  4. Cross Country Flight
    • Short Diversion
    • Scenario based training requires you to utilize SCRM skills, and ADM skills.  For good information it’s good to review the content contained in the acronyms: DECIDE, AVIATE, 5 P’s for the pilot, 3 P’s of decision making, and PAVE.
  5. During evaluation, based on your demonstrated skills the Instructor may:
    • Add any maneuver from the Practical Test Standards (PTS) for certificates you hold
      • This just assures that you are safe, and that it’s a positive learning experience
  6. Feedback: We will discuss any weak areas, based upon our Flight Review Action Plan, we:
    • may defer to a follow-up flight
    • Endorsements received based up on satisfactory completion


  • What will you take away from this experience today?  What was the most important experience for you today?
  • Which tasks were easiest for you? Which Tasks did you find most challenging?
  • Was there a point in the flight or ground review which made you uncomfortable?  Please explain.
  • You will be requested to perform a brief self assessment of your skill, we will then discuss your findings in addition to any areas the instructor feels were important.
  • Were all maneuvers and tasks performed to a level consistent with the FAA Practical Test Standards?
  • Discuss your own Personal Minimums Checklist
  • Work with you to create a Personal Proficiency Action Plan, that you can utilize for the next 24 months to stay safe, sharp and focused.
  • If additional training is required, we will discuss what areas we should
  • If a pilot does not perform to PTS standards, that pilot is NOT eligible for a flight review endorsement.  In that case, additional training should be planned to help the pilot meet the standard.  Its likely that the completion of the FAA “Wings” Pilot Proficiency Award, a three hour flight training plan might go a long way to helping a pilot achieve the flight review.  If performance is consistently below PTS standards, CFI’s will log dual time but not provide a Flight Review endorsement
    • Further dual instruction may be required
    • Pilot can continue to fly if within the 24 month period
    • If a pilot feels dissatisfied, they may seek a seperate flight review from another instructor.
    • If successful, endorsement will be provided in accordance with the current issue of AC61-65.